I updated this Lyme disease biofilms article on July 10, 2016 to include new information about stevia and a new title. It also includes new information showing that many different antibiotics can reduce biofilm size. Marty Ross MD
Lyme disease biofilms are protective communities for Lyme germs. In these various forms of the Lyme bacteria can hide from prescriptive antibiotics, herbal antimicrobials, and the immune system. In chronic Lyme and associated diseases they can cause:
- treatment resistance and
- relapse once antibiotics or herbal antimicrobials are stopped.
Biofilms are not unique to borrelia, the Lyme disease bacteria. They are known to occur based on scientific studies in various infections such as staph infections of the skin. In Lyme disease, Alan MacDonald MD, has shown biofilms to exist based on his microscopic exams of brain tissues.
Lyme Disease Biofilms Composition
In Lyme disease biofilms bacteria produce and cover themselves in a layer of slime composed of mucopolysaccharides. To add structure, the bacteria recruit a protein found in blood called fibrinogen. Then they convert to the protein fibrin. Because the fibrin gives structure, the bacteria in biofilms can rid themselves of their outer protein coverings. This makes it harder for the immune system to react against them. In addition the slime layer covers the germs so the immune system cannot see them. In addition antibiotics or antimicrobial supplements cannot reach the germs.
Within the Lyme disease biofilms the germs establish highly organized structures and functions. For instance they have tubes they use to take in nutrients. They also communicate using various chemical messengers, excrete waste through channels and perform other complex activities to promote the longevity of the community. Biofilms require calcium and magnesium and contain other minerals and heavy metals.
Lyme Disease Biofilms and Treatment
In my practice I intentionally treat Lyme disease biofilms